Pyrgus malvae, Pyrgus alveus, Pyrgus armoricanus, Pyrgus cinarae, Pyrgus carthami, Pyrgus sidae and Pyrgus serratulae

  1. The identification of Pyrgus malvae and Pyrgus sidae is easy if the UNH is visible but also if the characteristic details of UPS.
  2. The species Pyrgus carthami has a limited distribution in Macedonia (Falakro, Menoikio etc) and characteristic UNH.
  3. The species Pyrgus cinarae has a very characteristic UPS with large square white marks.
  4. The identification of the species Pyrgus armoricanus is facilitated because it has two generations and in late autumn they are the only Pyrgus that fly at low altitude. However, it is similar to Pyrgus alveus.
  5. Pyrgus alveus, in central and northern mainland Greece, has far fewer white marks on the UPS than Pyrgus armoricanus. These populations are the morph alveus, which differ from the populations of Pyrgus alveus further south, according to the study. Coutsis J. G. & De Prins W.: The Pyrgus alveus-complex in Greece (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae). Phegea 42(3): 50–54.
  6. Pyrgus alveus, in the Peloponnese and in some locations in central mainland Greece has different characteristics and is the morph iliensis, which is very similar to Pyrgus armoricanus and it is not easy to separate them from the external characteristics.
  7. At the bottom of this page are also individuals of the genus Pyrgus, who have not yet been identified.